Inicio  |  Abstract


Human Trafficking and Detention

In accordance with the more restrictive migration policies in Europe, Fekete and Webber (2010: 1) more recently conceive the aim of "clamping down on foreign nationals within the criminal justice system" in view of their expulsion. More and more, imprisonment is detached from the rationales rehabilitation and reintegration but rather contributes extensively to the exclusionary process of "Othering" (Garland 2001).

The blurring boundary between migration and crime control (Miller2005), coined as "crimmigration (law)" (Stumpf 2006), particularly applies to irregular migrants who are serving a prison sentence and facing an early release in view of expulsion who are simultaneously subjected to criminal (i.e. sentencing), penitentiary (i.e. release from prison) and migration law (i.e. expulsion).

My doctoral thesis relates to the presence of irregular migrants in prison and the legal framework to which they are subjected. I analyze their presence based upon several data sources: (1) Statistical data based on the penitentiary database, particularly regarding detention title and length of the sentence, (2) legal sources particularly regarding the (early) release process from prison and the different actors involved in the decision-making in this matter, and (3) empirical data gather via semi-structured interviews of (1) irregular migrants in prison regarding their trajectory, preparation for release and future life projects, (2) psychological social service who guide irregular migrants pending release procedures, and (3) migration officers who interview irregular migrants in prison in view of identification.